(Beritadaerah-Nasional) Program vaksinasi Covid-19 dosis ketiga (booster) akan dimulai pemerintah pada 12 Januari 2022 mendatang setelah diputuskan Presiden Joko Widodo. Menteri Kesehatan Budi Gunadi Sadikin mengatakan, vaksin tersebut akan diberikan kepada masyarakat berusia 18 tahun ke atas yang telah mendapatkan vaksin dosis kedua dengan jangka waktu lebih dari enam bulan.

“Vaksinasi booster ini juga akan diberikan dengan jangka waktu di atas enam bulan sesudah dosis kedua. Kita identifikasi ada sekitar 21 juta sasaran di bulan Januari yang sudah masuk ke kategori ini,” Menkes sampaikan dalam keterangannya usai mengikuti rapat terbatas yang dipimpin oleh Presiden Joko Widodo di Kantor Presiden, Jakarta, Senin (03/01/2022).

Budi mengatakan bahwa vaksinasi booster akan diberikan kepada kabupaten/kota yang capaian vaksinasinya telah memenuhi kriteria 70 persen dosis pertama dan 60 persen dosis kedua.

“Jadi sampai sekarang ada 244 kabupaten kota yang sudah memenuhi kriteria tersebut,” ucap Menteri Kesehatan.

Menkes menuturkan, pemerintah telah mengamankan stok vaksin booster sekitar 113 juta dosis vaksin dari total kebutuhan sebanyak 230 juta dosis. Terkait jenis vaksin yang akan digunakan, akan diputuskan setelah adanya rekomendasi dari Indonesian Technical Advisory Group on Immunization (ITAGI) dan Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan (BPOM).

“Jenis booster-nya nanti akan kita tentukan ada yang homolog atau jenisnya sama, ada yang heterolog jenis vaksinya berbeda. Ya mudah-mudahan nanti akan bisa segera diputuskan tanggal 10 sudah keluar rekomendasi dari ITAGI dan BPOM,” tuturnya.

Pada kesempatan tersebut, Menkes kembali mengingatkan untuk terus mempercepat vaksinasi dan menghabiskan stok vaksin dosis pertama dan kedua yang telah tersedia, terutama bagi provinsi yang belum mencapai target capaian vaksinasi.

“Kemarin di akhir tahun baru yang perlu masih di kejar adalah Kalimantan Barat, Sumatera Barat, Aceh, Sulawesi Barat, Maluku, Papua Barat dan Papua. Itu adalah provinsi-provinsi yang belum sampai 70 persen dosis pertama,” ucap Menkes.

Pemerintah menyiapkan berbagai hal untuk mengantisipasi potensi penambahan penyebaran kasus Covid-19 varian Omicron di Tanah Air. Salah satu yang disiapkan yakni ketersediaan tempat tidur rumah sakit di seluruh Indonesia.

“Jumlah tempat tidur di Indonesia ada sekitar 400 ribu, 30 persennya 120 ribu kita dedikasikan ke Covid, sekarang yang terisi sekitar 2.400-2.500-an. Jadi masih ada room lebih dari 110 ribu yang sebelumnya memang kita sudah alokasikan untuk Covid,” ujar Menkes.

Berdasarkan pengalaman saat menangani lonjakan kasus akibat varian Delta, pemerintah juga menyiapkan kebutuhan oksigen medis. Menkes menuturkan, dalam situasi normal kebutuhan oksigen Indonesia mencapai 700 ton per hari dan saat terjadi lonjakan kasus Covid-19 sebelumnya naik menjadi 2.200 ton per hari.

“Kita sesudah puncak Juli kemarin sudah mendatangkan 16 ribu oksigen konsentrator yang kita kirim ke seluruh rumah sakit di seluruh Indonesia terutama yang akses oksigennya susah. Ini setara dengan 800 ton per hari,” ungkap Menkes.

“Kita juga sudah menerima dan sekarang sedang memasang, 70 persen sudah selesai, 31 oksigen generator. Ini oksigen yang besar yang bisa menyuplai satu rumah sakit dan juga bisa buat mengisi tabung, itu juga kita sudah siapkan,” imbuhnya.

Selain itu, pemerintah juga menyiapkan kebutuhan obat-obatan antara lain dengan mendatangkan obat molnupiravir. Menurut Menkes, obat tersebut telah terbukti bisa mengurangi laju masuknya pasien ke rumah sakit bagi mereka yang terkena Covid-19 dengan saturasi oksigen di atas 94 persen.

Dalam kesempatan tersebut, Menkes juga mengimbau seluruh masyarakat untuk terus menerapkan protokol kesehatan secara baik dan disiplin. Menkes juga meminta masyarakat untuk menggunakan aplikasi PeduliLindungi untuk memudahkan proses penelusuran kasus.

About The Author

Endah Caratri is a Senior Editor Vibiz Media Network, Partner of Management & Technology Services Vibiz Consulting.

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